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Moscow

Russia (Europe)


Date of opening15 May 1935
Network length325.5 km (202.30 mi)
Stations194 (152*)
Lines12
Stations per line16.17
Avg. station distance1,788 m (1.11 mi)
Avg. line length27.13 km (16.86 mi)
*with transfer stations counted once
Numerical data by J. Serradell, 16 Mar 2014
Monorail (6 stations, 4.7 km) not included.
System typemetro (known as Metro)
Daily ridership (by J. Kennes)6.55 million (2011)
Daily ridership per km (per mi)20,100 (12,500)
Fare (10 km/10 stops; by UBS)0.50 EUR (2009); gates, smartcard
24-hour operationNo
TrackRight, gauge: 1520 mm
Power supplyThird rail, 825 V
Air-conditioned trainsLines 3, 5 since 2009
Walk-through trainsNo
Rubber-tyred trainsNo
Driverless linesNo
Platform screen doorsNo
World Metro Database




Official map
Source: html, © 2007 engl.mosmetro.ru

Disclaimer: Maps are copyrighted. The previews on this page are for informational purposes only. Please respect copyright and always refer to original maps.




Latest Openings

May 2014 – Line 7 Spartak intermediate station. 1 station.
2014 – Line 10: Maryina Rotscha-Petrovsko-Razumovskaya.
2014 – Line 1: Yugo-Zapadnaya-Salarevo. 4.5 km.
2014 – Line 2: Tekhnopark station.
27 Dec 2013 – Line 12 (L1) extension to Lesoparkovaya and Bitsevskiy Park. 5 km, 2 stations.
27 Dec 2013 – Western part of Line 8 from Park Pobedy (transfer to Line 3) to Delovoy Tsentr (transfer to Line 4 at Vystavochnaya). The gap between both parts of Line 8 will be filled later. 2.4 km, 2 stations.
9 Nov 2013 – Line 7 extension to Zhulebino via Lermontovsky Prospekt. 2 stations.




Upcoming Openings

Nov 2014 – Line 7 extension from Zhulebino to Kotelniki. 2 km, 1 station.




Metro Arts and Architecture

Examples of interesting station design:


Rating: 3 stars (gold)  Moscow

The metro opened in 1935. Many entrance buildings are just as architecturally spectacular as the stations below. Some stations are very deep and have been planned to serve as bomb shelters.

Photo [metro.ru]: Entrance building of Arbatskaya station on the first metro stretch from 1935.
Moscow's metro stations are a heritage of the socialist regime, originally intended to be 'palaces for the people'. With their marble-clad walls, chandelier lighting, and other precious interior, many indeed resemble palaces or cathedrals [metro.ru], [metrowalks.ru], [beeflowers].

Photo [cla.purdue.edu]: Central part of the platform of Komsomolskaya station built in 1952 on the circle line.
Many sculptures, reliefs and murals are found in the stations [metrosoyuza.net]. Besides Moscow, some other cities of the former Soviet Union have metro stations of similar grandeur. However, the ones in Moscow are the most numerous and the most spectacular. Fortunately, even the new stations opened in the 21st century are of good architectural quality.

Photo: The platform of Kropotkinskaya station built in 1935.




Guided Tours

Tours of the metro system, guided by experts. For dates and reservation contact the tour operator or check their website.

2-hour privately operated guided tour in English through all the must-see stations. Tour operator: Firebird Travel.




Self-Guided Tour

Try the following tour, recommended by residents or metro enthusiasts:

Ride the Ring Line and get off at every station to explore the highly decorated platforms and councourses. Don't miss Komsomolskaya station, one of the most lavish ones. Some entrance buildings are also worth noting, like Arbatskaya. Visit the Metro Museum.





Metro Museum

Moscow Metro Museum. This small museum (330 square metres) charts the history of Moscow's subway system in models and statistics. Since 1967. Location: Attached to the southern exit of Sportivnaya metro station.
Address: Ulitsa Khamovnichesky Val 36, 3rd floor, Moscow 119048, Russia. At Sportivnaya metro station.
Hours (check before visiting): Monday 11am - 6pm, Tuesday - Friday 9am - 4pm, closed Saturday and Sunday. Admission: 25 RB.
Reference: moscow-taxi.com, transport.chipexpo.ru, russianmuseums.info.





Relationships with Other Metros

Former Soviet family
Members: Baku, Dnepropetrovsk, Kazan, Kharkov, Kiev, Minsk, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan,
Characteristics: The same type of trains is used, stations are often lavishly decorated and made of marble or other natural stone. Many of these cities began with a triangular three-line network layout and three transfer stations.
Derivatives: Warsaw Pact family.





Lines with a View

Line 4 (Filjovskaya, light blue) runs over a bridge across the Moscow river near Kievskaya station and provides a view of the grand buildings in the centre of the city. The bridge was built in 1938.

Photo by metrobits.org
Line 1 runs over another bridge across the Moscow river.

Photo by metro.ru




Circle Lines

Isolated circle - Kol'tsevaya Line - 19.4 km - 12 stations - round trip 29 minutes - opened 1950 - completed 1954.
Proposed ring - Line 11, part of line 1 - Large metro ring, approved in the 1960's.
Proposed ring - Line 4 - outside line 5 as extension of line 4's Mezhdunarodnaya branch, under discussion.
Proposed ring - Regional rail ring within the city, under discussion.




Departure Procedure and Sounds

"Ostorozhno, dveri zakryvayutsa – sleduyuschaya stantsiya [station name]" ("Mind the closing doors – next station is [station name]") (wav from voices.metro.ru).

Moscow

Line 5 train arriving at and departing from Komsomolskaya station. Video by RapsakYT.

Length: 58 sec.

Videos of other metros




Photos

  Moscow photo gallery.




Metro Movies

Films with scenes set on this metro:

1964: Walking the Streets of Moscow
2004: Night Watch
2006: Day Watch
2011: The Darkest Hour




Handpicked Resources

beeflowers.com The metro in photos and panorama photos
eng.metroway.ruInteractive Moscow Metro Map.
mosmetro.ru Official website
paleometro.ru Paleontology in Moscow's metro: fossils in wall and floor materials (In Russian)
s55.radikal.ru Depths map of Moscow's metro
Berezin, ValentinMoscow Metro Photoguide. Planeta 1989.
Goncharov, AlexeyMetro Tunnels Depth Scheme.
Solouh, SergeiMetrogiprotrans 70 years. Lebedev Studio. Anniversary edition, PDF, 216 p. (In Russian)



Generated Links for Moscow Metro

Photos (images.google.com)
Maps (images.google.com)
Wikipedia entry (wikipedia.org)
Urbanrail.net entry (urbanrail.net)
Skyscrapercity discussion (skyscrapercity.com)
City information about Moscow (wikipedia.org)






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